JAVA Date Utility

( This program Demonstrates the proper use of Date functionality in common java programming scenarios )

Date and Time



import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;
public class DateUtility {

/* Add Day/Month/Year to a Date
add() is used to add values to a Calendar object.
You specify which Calendar field is to be affected by the operation
(Calendar.YEAR, Calendar.MONTH, Calendar.DATE).
*/
public static void addToDate(){
System.out.println("In the ADD Operation");
// String DATE_FORMAT = "yyyy-MM-dd";
String DATE_FORMAT = "dd-MM-yyyy"; //Refer Java DOCS for formats
java.text.SimpleDateFormat sdf = new java.text.SimpleDateFormat(DATE_FORMAT);
Calendar c1 = Calendar.getInstance();
Date d1 = new Date();
System.out.println("Todays date in Calendar Format : "+c1);
System.out.println("c1.getTime() : "+c1.getTime());
System.out.println("c1.get(Calendar.YEAR): " + c1.get(Calendar.YEAR));
System.out.println("Todays date in Date Format : "+d1);
c1.set(1999,0 ,20); //(year,month,date)
System.out.println("c1.set(1999,0 ,20) : "+c1.getTime());
c1.add(Calendar.DATE,40);
System.out.println("Date + 20 days is : " + sdf.format(c1.getTime()));
System.out.println();
System.out.println();
}


/*Substract Day/Month/Year to a Date
roll() is used to substract values to a Calendar object.
You specify which Calendar field is to be affected by the operation
(Calendar.YEAR, Calendar.MONTH, Calendar.DATE).

Note: To substract, simply use a negative argument.
roll() does the same thing except you specify if you want to roll up (add 1)
or roll down (substract 1) to the specified Calendar field. The operation only
affects the specified field while add() adjusts other Calendar fields.
See the following example, roll() makes january rolls to december in the same
year while add() substract the YEAR field for the correct result

*/

public static void subToDate(){
System.out.println("In the SUB Operation");
String DATE_FORMAT = "dd-MM-yyyy";
java.text.SimpleDateFormat sdf = new java.text.SimpleDateFormat(DATE_FORMAT);
Calendar c1 = Calendar.getInstance();
c1.set(1999, 0 , 20);
System.out.println("Date is : " + sdf.format(c1.getTime()));

// roll down, substract 1 month
c1.roll(Calendar.MONTH, false);
System.out.println("Date roll down 1 month : " + sdf.format(c1.getTime()));

c1.set(1999, 0 , 20);
System.out.println("Date is : " + sdf.format(c1.getTime()));
c1.add(Calendar.MONTH, -1);
// substract 1 month
System.out.println("Date minus 1 month : " + sdf.format(c1.getTime()));
System.out.println();
System.out.println();
}

public static void daysBetween2Dates(){
Calendar c1 = Calendar.getInstance(); //new GregorianCalendar();
Calendar c2 = Calendar.getInstance(); //new GregorianCalendar();
c1.set(1999, 0 , 20);
c2.set(1999, 0 , 22);
System.out.println("Days Between "+c1.getTime()+"\t"+ c2.getTime()+" is");
System.out.println((c2.getTime().getTime() - c1.getTime().getTime())/(24*3600*1000));
System.out.println();
System.out.println();
}

public static void daysInMonth() {
Calendar c1 = Calendar.getInstance(); //new GregorianCalendar();
c1.set(1999, 6 , 20);
int year = c1.get(Calendar.YEAR);
int month = c1.get(Calendar.MONTH);
// int days = c1.get(Calendar.DATE);
int [] daysInMonths = {31,28,31,30,31,30,31,31,30,31,30,31};
daysInMonths[1] += DateUtility.isLeapYear(year) ? 1 : 0;
System.out.println("Days in "+month+"th month for year "+year+" is "+ daysInMonths[c1.get(Calendar.MONTH)]);
System.out.println();
System.out.println();
}

public static void getDayofTheDate() {
Date d1 = new Date();
String day = null;
DateFormat f = new SimpleDateFormat("EEEE");
try {
day = f.format(d1);
}
catch(Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
System.out.println("The dat for "+d1+" is "+day);
System.out.println();
System.out.println();
}

public static void validateAGivenDate() {
String dt = "20011223";
String invalidDt = "20031315";
String dateformat = "yyyyMMdd";
Date dt1=null , dt2=null;
try {
SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(dateformat);
sdf.setLenient(false);
dt1 = sdf.parse(dt);
dt2 = sdf.parse(invalidDt);
System.out.println("Date is ok = " + dt1 + "(" + dt + ")");
}
catch (ParseException e) {
System.out.println(e.getMessage());
}
catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
System.out.println("Invalid date");
}
System.out.println();
System.out.println();
}

public static void compare2Dates(){
SimpleDateFormat fm = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");
Calendar c1 = Calendar.getInstance();
Calendar c2 = Calendar.getInstance();

c1.set(2000, 02, 15);
c2.set(2001, 02, 15);

System.out.print(fm.format(c1.getTime())+" is ");
if(c1.before(c2)){
System.out.println("less than "+c2.getTime());
}else if(c1.after(c2)){
System.out.println("greater than "+c2.getTime());
}else if(c1.equals(c2)){
System.out.println("is equal to "+fm.format(c2.getTime()));
}
System.out.println();
System.out.println();
}

public static boolean isLeapYear(int year){
if((year%100 != 0) || (year%400 == 0)){
return true;
}
return false;
}

public static void main(String args[]){
addToDate();
subToDate();
daysBetween2Dates(); //The "right" way would be to compute the julian day number of both dates and then do the substraction.
daysInMonth();
validateAGivenDate();
compare2Dates();
getDayofTheDate();
}

}

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